2012 – Music for the Sun King

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One only has to visit the Palace of Versailles to get a sense of the opulence and grandeur that defined the reigns of the Kings Louis: a gigantic place with a precious little opera house and a tall chapel adjoining, and lavish gardens laid out to give the impression of extending to the edge of the world. A great lover of music, Louis XIV recognized that the culture of Versailles could be used for political ends, solidifying his rule over France and promoting his power beyond its borders. The influence of the French court and its artistry spread all over Europe, with the French language becoming the lingua franca of the European aristocracy. (How odd that we now refer to English as the lingua franca, using a Latin term to say that English is the ‘French language’!). Louis’ court attracted and nurtured some of the finest musicians of the baroque period. Jean-Baptiste Lully (ironically an Italian by birth) was invited to the court as a dancing master. An excellent violinist and composer as well, he ruled, along with Molière, over Parisian stage production, and virtually invented a style of music whose influence was to spread far and wide. The generous conditions afforded composers and performers meant that rich spectacles of music were produced, including opera-ballet, chamber music, and music for the church. You will get a taste of all of this at this year’s festival, as well as hearing a masterwork in French style by J.S. Bach or Telemann on each program to reflect the breadth of influence the music of Versailles had over musicians in other lands. The final concert will conclude with the magnificent Requiem by Jean Gilles, one of the most frequently performed sacred works in 18th century France, first performed at the composer’s own funeral and later at that of Louis XV. Italian virtuoso Paolo Pandolfo will perform in three concerts, showing that the viola da gamba may have been superseded by the louder cello as the predominant bowed string instrument, but has its own very special qualities, especially when in the hands of an extrovert!

A Royal Concert – Music for the King’s Chamber
February 9th 2012, 11am. Alix Goolden Performance Hall

François Couperin – Second Concert, from Concerts Royaux (1722)
Prélude – Allemande Fuguée – Air tendre – Air – Contre fugué – Échos
Marin Marais – Tombeau de M. Méliton, from Premier Livre de Pièces de Viole (1686)
Jean-Philippe Rameau – Pièce de clavecin en concert No. 3 (1741)
Rondement – Premier & deuxième Rondeau Gratieux – Tambourins
Monsieur de Ste. Colombe – Tombeau ‘Les Regrets’ pour deux violes égales
Quarrillon – Apel de Charon – Les pleurs – Joye des Elizées – Les Elizées
Georg Philipp Telemann – Premier Quatuor in D Major, from Nouveaux Quatuors en Suites, (1738)
Prélude: Vivement- Tendrement – Gayment – Modérément – Vite
Paolo Pandolfo and Natalie Mackie – violas da gamba, Marc Destrubé – baroque violin
Soile Stratkauskas – baroque flute, Byron Schenkman – harpsichord

Metamorphosis – Viola Da Gambist Paolo Pandolfo
February 9th 2012, 8pm. Alix Goolden Performance Hall

Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe (c.1640–1700)
Prélude – Chaconne
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) – Suite No. 1 in G major, BWV 1007
Prélude – Allemande – Courante – Sarabande – Menuet 1 & 2 – Gigue
Paolo Pandolfo – Keep Going
Le Sieur de Machy (fl 2nd half 17th century)
Prélude
Marin Marais (1656-1728)
Badinage
Carl Friedrich Abel (1723-1787)
Arpeggiata – Adagio – Allegro
Paolo Pandolfo – Metamorphosis II

Tastes Reunited – Music for the Ballet and the Opera
February 10th 2012, 8pm. Alix Goolden Performance Hall

Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687) – Suite from Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (1670)
Ouverture – Marche pour la Cérémonie des Turcs – 1er Air des Espagnoles – 2e Air des Espagnoles – L’Entrée des Scaramouches, Trivelins et Arlequins – Chaconne des Scaramouches, Trivelins et Arlequins

François Couperin (1688 – 1733) – from L’Apothéose de Lully – Concert Instrumental sous le Titre d’Apotheose composé à la memoire immortelle de Lully (1725)

Lully in the Elysian Fields making music with the spirits of the underworld.
Air for the same.
Mercury flies to the Elysian Fields to warn of Apollo’s impending arrival there.
Descent of Apollo, who comes to offer his violin to Lully and a place on Parnassus.
Subterranean rumblings caused by Lully’s contemporaries.
Lamentations of the same for flutes or very muted violins.
Lully is elevated to Parnassus.

Marin Marais (1656-1728) – Alcione – Suite des Airs à jouer (1706)
Ouverture- Air pour les Matelots – Marche pour les Matelots
– Air Tambourin pour les mêmes – Prelude de l’Acte troisième- Tempête
– Chaconne pour les Tritons

Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683 – 1764) – Suite from ‘Les Indes Galantes’ (1735)
Ouverture – Entrée des quatre nations – Contredanse – Menuets I & 2 – Air pour l’adoration du soleil
– Orage et Air pour Borée – Air pour Zéphire – Air pour les sauvages

Georg Philipp Telemann – Suite in D Major for viola da gamba, strings and continuo, TWV 55:d6
Ouverture – La Trompette – Sarabande – Rondeau – Bourrée – Courante – Gigue: Presto

Spiritual Concerts – Music for the Royal Chapel
February 11th 2012, 8pm. Alix Goolden Performance Hall

Michel Richard de Lalande (1657 – 1726) – Overture from Les Fontaines de Versailles (1683)
Jean-Joseph Cassanéa de Mondonville (1711-1772) – Sonate en Symphonie, Op.3, No.3 (1742)
Allegro – Aria: Moderato gratioso – Allegro
Marin Marais (1656 – 1728) – Sonnerie de Ste-Geneviève du Mont-de-Paris (1723)
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750)
Ouverture (Suite) in b minor for flute, strings and continuo, BWV 1067 (1717)
Ouverture – Rondeau – Sarabande – Bourrée I & II – Polonaise – Menuet – Badinerie
Jean Gilles (1668 – 1705) – Messe des Morts (1731)
Introit – Kyrie – Graduel – Offertoire – Sanctus – Agnus Dei – Post-Communion
Rebecca Genge (soprano), Rebecca Claborn (alto), Joshua Lovell (tenor), Nathan McDonald (bass)

Pacific Baroque Orchestra, Marc Destrubé – director and baroque violin,
Victoria Children’s Choir (Madeleine Humer – director), Soile Stratkauskas – baroque flute
Natalie Mackie – viola da gamba

Choral Evensong – Musique Pour Les Dames Religieuses
February 12th 2012, 4:30 pm. Christ Church Cathedral

Henry Du Mont (1610-84) – Litaniae Beatae Maria Virginis • Cantantibus Organis • Credidi (Psalm 115) •
Magnificat • Cantate Domino • Veni Creator Spiritus • Domine Salvum Fac Regem • O Gloriosa Domina
Elisabeth Jacquet De la Guerre (1665-1725) – Violin Sonata No 2 en Ré Majeur
Marin Marais – Sonnerie de Ste-Geneviève du Mont-de-Paris (1723)

Marc Destrubé – director, baroque violin, Natalie Mackie – viola da gamba, Michael Jarvis – organ
Rebecca Genge, Eve Richarson, Emma Hannan and Esme Liddicoat
St. Christopher Singers and Victoria Children’s Choir

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